The complete Technical Program can be found here.
December 14, 2018, 8am to 9am, Riverfront South, Hyatt Regency
David Woods, Ohio State University
Adaptation and complexity in layered networks: How new technological capabilities are hijacked by people seeking advantage
|Stories of technology change envision the new forms of congestion,|
|cascade and conflict that arise when apparent benefits get hijacked.|
The talk will explore processes of adaptation and complexity in layered networks. The complexity arises from new capabilities which, when deployed, expand scales of operation, create extensive and hidden interdependencies, and produce new surprises. The processes of adaptation capture (a) how people in various roles seek advantage from new capabilities, and (b) how people adapt to handle new forms of anomaly and surprise to provide an essential source for resilient performance. Four episodes of technology change in layered networks will be used to highlight general patterns. In each episode the introduction of autonomous capabilities produced new cycles of surprise and adaptation: (1) high frequency trading in financial markets; (2) hyperspectral sensors plus algorithms; (3) detect and avoid algorithms on drones for self-separation from other aircraft; (4) anomaly response in web engineering and operations.
The empirical patterns provide a basis to cover principles from the Theory of Graceful Extensibility as an account of layered networks for evaluation and design. Among these principles are the SNAFU principle — Gaps, anomalies and surprise are endemic to all layered networks. Another is the Model update principle — As the complexity of a system increases, the accuracy/completeness of any single role/agent’s model of that system decreases rapidly. To cope with partial and potentially stale models, the critical skill is the ability to update or rive past models in pace with change. The Theory of Graceful Extensibility provides new architectural directions for regulating the interaction across functional units in layered networks. Ironically, these directions derive from core findings in human systems (reciprocity and initiative) and from control engineering (saturation).
December 15, 2018, 8am to 9am, Riverfront South, Hyatt Regency
Ruzena Bajcsy, UC Berkeley
Robotics is a System Science: Educational Implications
As Robotics is becoming more prevalent in our lives, whether in industry, healthcare, business, or home, naturally there are many more opportunities for jobs for our students, hence a greater interest amongst them to train themselves in this subject. At UC Berkeley during the last 5 years I have seen the enrollment grow 6X. Hence it behooves us as educators to think about how to prepare them for the future.
In various universities there are specialized master program with degree in Robotics. Yet children as young as in grammar school engage in robotic clubs. We in academia need to think about what are the basic science skills that we need to provide students so that they can be productive for many years to come with this sophisticated technology which undoubtedly will change as time goes by. In this presentation I will elaborate on some of the basic sciences that will be needed to serve our students.
Special Session 1
Thursday, December 13th, 6:30pm-8:30pm, Riverwalk Terrace
In the spirit of cyber-physical and human systems research, we are inviting attendees and researchers to showcase their hardware and/or software research demos as a part of the opening reception of the conference. We hope everyone will enjoy this enriching and interactive experience, to be held at the Riverwalk Terrace, Hyatt Regency, Miami. If you are interested in showcasing a demo based upon your CPHS-related research, please complete this form by September 30, 2018. We can only accommodate a limited number of demos; therefore our Special Sessions Chair, Neera Jain (email@example.com) will follow up with you after the form closes on September 30, 2018.
Special Session 2
“Interface between engineers and social-scientists: Low-hanging fruits, language barriers, and synergy”
Friday, December 14th, 1pm-2pm, room Jasmine
The goal of this panel is to address the topic of the interface between engineering and human sciences. Eminent social scientists and engineers will explore their experience with this interface, language barriers that exist between these disciplines, the key factors that bring these two disparate communities together, and the low-hanging fruits that the two communities can jointly reach. The panel has been scheduled for 1 to 2.15pm on Friday, December 14, 2018, at the Jasmine room, Hyatt Regency, Miami.
Jerome Busemeyer http://psych.indiana.edu/faculty/jbusemey.php
Frédéric Déhais http://tmbi.fr/frederic-dehais
Pramod Khargonekar http://faculty.sites.uci.edu/khargonekar/
Bryant Walker Smith, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/about/people/bryant-walker-smith
Special Session 3
“Cross-disciplinary Communication and Collaboration in CPHS Research”
Saturday, December 15th, 11:45am-1:45pm, room Jasmine
There is an increasing need for engineers to explicitly understand and characterize the way in which engineered systems affect, and are affected by, humans. However, to do so, engineers require the expertise of social scientists and/or human factors engineers to strengthen their theoretical developments, models, and data collection and analysis methods. This is true across a range of sectors, including energy, transportation, manufacturing, robotics, and healthcare.
The goals of this mini-workshop are
- facilitate networking among researchers in both engineering and the social sciences,
- discuss strategies for successful collaboration across disciplines, and
- identify critical cross-disciplinary research questions as they relate to the topics mentioned above.
The workshop will consist of two invited speakers, followed by a moderated panel discussion. Lunch will be provided.
Ruzena Bajcsy – UC Berkeley
Robert Gregg – UT Dallas
Yue (Sophie) Wang – Clemson University
Richard Hull – UTC Aerospace Systems
Jason Siegel – University of Michigan
Cedric Langbort – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Thursday, December 13th, 630-830pm, Riverwalk Terrace, Hyatt Regency
Friday, December 14th, 12-1pm, Hibiscus, Hyatt Regency
Friday, December 14th, 430pm-630pm, Riverfront South, Hyatt Regency